Border Policy Brief
This article discusses issues involved with the design and development of an ID card that could serve both as a driving license and as a border-crossing document acceptable for transit of the Canada – U.S. land border. This topic is of interest because of two recent U.S. federal laws. One law, known as the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI), changed the documentation requirements applicable to travelers entering the U.S. via the land borders. Whereas driving licenses have in the past been sufficient ID for some travelers, by June 2009 each traveler must carry either a passport or an alternative document that denotes citizenship and identity. Any such alternative must meet the approval of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
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BPRI, "Border-Crossing Documentation" (2007). Border Policy Research Institute Publications. 41.