Much has been said and written in recent years about the need to develop effective border policies that integrate trade and security. Though the problem of expediting cross border commerce and travel pre-dates 9/11, it has taken on a new urgency because of concerns that a more robust North American security paradigm increases the costs of trade and therefore imperils North American competitiveness. These concerns have become especially prominent in the aftermath of the 2008 recession.
BPRI, "Proceedings: Seminar on Canada-US Border Management Policy Issues" (2010). Border Policy Research Institute Publications. 63.