Authors

Anneliese Vance

Document Type

Research Report

Publication Date

2012

Abstract

Until recently, the international border between Canada and the U.S. was frequently referred to as the world‘s longest ‗unguarded‘ or ‗friendly‘ border. While the border was never truly left unguarded, Canadian and U.S. citizens enjoyed relatively open borders, without the enforcement of passport requirements. On September 11, 2001, the porous border that had symbolized international cooperation, friendship and the world‘s largest bilateral trade relationship, was abruptly re-defined in the public eye as a potential liability in the U.S. national defense system.

Volume

18

Issue

December

Language

English

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