A recent study by Springer (2011) analyzed the results of a 2011 pilot project at the Southbound Pacific Highway Crossing (PHC) for commercial freight traffic. The goal of the study was to gauge the impact of opening the FAST booth, which was restricted to enrollees in the FAST, or Free and Secure Trade program (USCBP, 2005), to general purpose (GP) commercial freight traffic. To qualify for FAST, carriers, drivers, and shippers are required to follow certain security procedures which enhance the safety and security of the border. Trucks enrolled in FAST were then allowed to use the dedicated lane and inspection booth at the Southbound PHC, which enabled them to bypass the frequently much longer queues in the GP lane. In a prior study based on PHC data gathered in 2009, Springer (2010) had used a simulation experiment to examine the estimate the impact of opening the FAST lane to all general purpose traffic. The analysis found that opening the southbound FAST lane and booth to all freight would dramatically cut overall average waiting time, although waiting times for the FAST trucks mixed in with the GP traffic would of course increase.
Mark Springer, Mark, "Eliminating the FAST Lane at the Pacific Highway Crossing: A Simulation Analysis" (2011). Border Policy Research Institute Publications. 89.