A 2010 study of the Southbound Pacific Highway Crossing (PHC) focused on alternative configurations for an under-utilized approach lane and inspection booth (Springer, 2010). At the time of the study, both the lane and the booth were restricted to enrollees in the FAST, or Free and Secure Trade, program (USCBP, 2005). The FAST program was designed to encourage members of the trucking industry to increase freight security by rewarding qualifying participants with shorter travel times. To qualify for FAST, carriers, drivers, and shippers are required to follow certain security procedures which enhance the safety and security of the border. Trucks enrolled in FAST were then allowed to use a dedicated lane and inspection booth, thereby bypassing the potentially long queues in the general-purpose (GP) commercial freight lanes. Prior to the 2010 study, anecdotal information suggested that the FAST lane and FAST inspection booth were grossly underutilized; data gathered for the study during the summer of 2009 subsequently showed that only 22.5% of all trucks using the Southbound PHC were eligible for the FAST lane and booth (WCOG, 2010).
Mark Springer, Mark, "Eliminating the FAST Lane at the Pacific Highway Crossing: Results of a Pilot Project" (2011). Border Policy Research Institute Publications. 91.