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I find it difficult to respond to Professor Mueller’s critique of the article I wrote on how an eco-justice perspective leads to reframing how educational reformers think about social justice issues. The first third of his critique presents the reader with a summary of his knowledge of the local bird population and the work he is doing with his students. Near the end of this overview of his personal interests, he introduces what seems to be his first criticism with the statement that Bowers “perpetuates an unrecognized vulnerability for the rapid greening of American youth….” The nature of this vulnerability and how I contribute to it is never explained. It is simply presented as a fact. As he frames his critique as having some relationship to my earlier article on social and ecological justice, the reader might expect him to explain how my earlier arguments contribute to this vulnerability.

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