In an effort to help students succeed we steep them in homework, emphasize the importance of grades, and, to some extent, convey that test scores are the only goal that students should aspire for. There is probably an underlying assumption that somehow test scores will translate into an ability to navigate difficult life circumstances and also lead to a happy life. Paul Tough questions these well-intentioned assumptions in his book How Children Succeed. He grapples with questions that we as educators, policymakers and parents constantly struggle with: “Which skills and traits really (italics added) lead to success? How do these skills develop?”
Shukla, Sarita Y.
"How Children Succeed: Grit, Curiosity, and the Hidden Power of Character by Paul Tough,"
Journal of Educational Controversy: Vol. 9
, Article 13.
Available at: http://cedar.wwu.edu/jec/vol9/iss1/13