It is proved that the answer to the Busemann-Petty problem concerning central sections of centrally symmetric convex bodies in d-dimensional Euclidean space Ed is negative for a given d if and only if certain centrally symmetric convex bodies exist in Ed which are not intersection bodies. It is also shown that a cylinder in Ed is an intersection body if and only if d ≤ 4, and that suitably smooth axis-convex bodies of revolution are intersection bodies when d ≤ 4. These results show that the Busemann-Petty problem has a negative answer for d ≥ 5 and a positive answer for d = 3 and d = 4 when the body with smaller sections is a body of revolution.
Transactions of the American Mathematical Society
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First published in Transactions of the American Mathematical Society in Volume 342, Number 1, March 1994, published by the American Mathematical Society
Gardner, Richard J., "Intersection Bodies and the Busemann-Petty Problem" (1994). Mathematics. Paper 24.