Poster Title

Drummer's Linguistic Processing: Effects of rhythmic training on a musical CLOZE probability task

Co-Author(s)

Anne Huntemer-Silveira, Adam Price, Anna Marie Yanny, Alexis Reissmann

Research Mentor(s)

McNeel Jantzen

Affiliated Department

Psychology

Sort Order

18

Start Date

17-5-2017 12:00 PM

End Date

17-5-2017 12:00 PM

Document Type

Event

Abstract

Music requires a certain degree of syntactical expectations and predictions. As such, musical training may enhance an individual’s ability to more accurately process novel melodies. To this end, the current study investigated whether or not experienced drummers would outperform their string and wind musician counterparts, due to their rhythmic-based training and improvisational skills, on a musical CLOZE probability task. Subjects were presented authentic cadence (AC) and non-cadence (NC) melodic stems and were required to provide a sung response of the note that would continue the melody (Fogel et. al, 2015). Confidence ratings for sung responses and reaction times were also collected. Authentic stems, compared to non-cadence stems, were easier to predict due to their following of expected melodic structure. Observed accuracy for AC stems and reaction times for both sets of stems indicates enhanced processing of musical syntax, possibly driven by rhythmic-based training, and in turn may improve processing of linguistic syntax.

Rights

Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this documentation for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

Language

English

Format

application/pdf

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May 17th, 12:00 PM May 17th, 12:00 PM

Drummer's Linguistic Processing: Effects of rhythmic training on a musical CLOZE probability task

Psychology

Music requires a certain degree of syntactical expectations and predictions. As such, musical training may enhance an individual’s ability to more accurately process novel melodies. To this end, the current study investigated whether or not experienced drummers would outperform their string and wind musician counterparts, due to their rhythmic-based training and improvisational skills, on a musical CLOZE probability task. Subjects were presented authentic cadence (AC) and non-cadence (NC) melodic stems and were required to provide a sung response of the note that would continue the melody (Fogel et. al, 2015). Confidence ratings for sung responses and reaction times were also collected. Authentic stems, compared to non-cadence stems, were easier to predict due to their following of expected melodic structure. Observed accuracy for AC stems and reaction times for both sets of stems indicates enhanced processing of musical syntax, possibly driven by rhythmic-based training, and in turn may improve processing of linguistic syntax.