Type of Presentation

Oral

Session Title

Community perspectives on oil spill planning and response

Description

Community-Based Oil Spill Response in Alaska

The community-based response concept is based on the assumption that a spill response is most effective when initiated immediately. Providing the resources to do so benefits both the local community and the larger response organizations. In the years since the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska, significant work has been done to build local spill response capacity in communities within the spill-impacted region and beyond.

Models for community-based oil spill response range from the “fire house” model, where a distributed force is strategically stationed within a region to provide first-strike response similar to other types of emergency services. The fire house approach centralizes control of the overall response system within a single entity, which is then available to support industry and government in an on-call model.

Community response teams are another approach that creates response capacity within interested communities, opportunistically training and equipping interested communities to carry out certain oil spill response functions. Responders may be volunteer or paid, and some level of initial and refresher training is required. Spill response equipment may be owned by the communities, or owned and maintained by other interested parties (spill response organizations, government, industry).

Hybrid models that combine elements of these two models have been proposed and implemented in various parts of the world. This paper will review several examples and will report on efforts to implement different approaches to community-based spill response across coastal Alaska.

Keywords: community-based response, fire house model, Alaska

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Community-Based Oil Spill Response in Alaska

2016SSEC

Community-Based Oil Spill Response in Alaska

The community-based response concept is based on the assumption that a spill response is most effective when initiated immediately. Providing the resources to do so benefits both the local community and the larger response organizations. In the years since the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska, significant work has been done to build local spill response capacity in communities within the spill-impacted region and beyond.

Models for community-based oil spill response range from the “fire house” model, where a distributed force is strategically stationed within a region to provide first-strike response similar to other types of emergency services. The fire house approach centralizes control of the overall response system within a single entity, which is then available to support industry and government in an on-call model.

Community response teams are another approach that creates response capacity within interested communities, opportunistically training and equipping interested communities to carry out certain oil spill response functions. Responders may be volunteer or paid, and some level of initial and refresher training is required. Spill response equipment may be owned by the communities, or owned and maintained by other interested parties (spill response organizations, government, industry).

Hybrid models that combine elements of these two models have been proposed and implemented in various parts of the world. This paper will review several examples and will report on efforts to implement different approaches to community-based spill response across coastal Alaska.

Keywords: community-based response, fire house model, Alaska