Executive Summary: This study utilized the records of two samples of wwu upper¬ division students (those with 90 credits and above) to evaluate the relationships of academic performance to students' admission status (either native or transfer) and other selected student characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, and age. The first sample measured academic performance in terms of cumulative WWU GPA. The second sample looked at grades earned in 300 and 400 level courses only (upper-division GPA). This report was prepared as a follow-up to an earlier study that used a much more limited sample. Females were found to have consistently higher GPAs than males, regardless of the sample or the type of GPA (cumulative or upper-division) used in the analysis. Older students generally outperformed younger students although the relationship between age and academic performance was mediated by a student's admission status. Students of a given age but with different admission statuses or of the same admission status but of different ages in many cases did not have equivalent GPAs. In general, among younger students natives outperformed two-year transfer students. No such difference was found among older students. This study also found differences in both the cumulative GPA and the upper-division GPA earned by different ethnic groups. Caucasians had a higher average cumulative GPA than Blacks and a higher average upper-division GPA than both Blacks and Asians. In addition, American Indian students also had a higher average upper-division GPA than Black students. A student's grade point average when he or she enters Western (high school GPA for natives and GPA at the institution attended before transferring to Western for transfer students) was the best predictor of how well a student would do academically once at Western. WPCT subtest scores also aided in the prediction of both cumulative and upper-division GPAs for both native and transfer students. Ho
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Subjects - Names (LCNAF)
Thorndike-Christ, Tracy; Andrieu-Parker, Jacqueline M.; and Trimble, Joseph E., "A Comparative Analysis of the Academic Performance of Native and Transfer Students" (1991). Office of Survey Research. Paper 385.