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Date Permissions Signed

5-24-2011

Date of Award

2011

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)

Department

Health and Human Development

First Advisor

Suprak, David N. (David Nathan)

Second Advisor

Brilla, Lorraine R., 1955-

Third Advisor

Chalmers, Gordon R.

Abstract

Postactivation potentiation (PAP) is the phenomenon in which a highly trained power athlete may be able to obtain a higher rate of force development (RFD) and greater power performance following a heavy muscular loading stimulus. Research on the mechanisms of PAP indicate that it may be caused by myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation due to intramuscular calcium saturation during intense contraction. For PAP to be used effectively in actual performances, guidelines for its use need to be developed. This study examined the predictors of PAP, hypothesized as relative strength (REL), absolute strength (ABS), initial reactive strength index (PreRSI), and initial mean RFD (PreMRFD). Linear regressions (α = .025) were applied using those four variables for each of the outcome measures: percent change in MRFD (%MRFD), and percent change in RSI (%RSI). Means baseline values of the same four independent variables were also compared (α = .00625) between potentiated and fatigued subject groups as measured by %MRFD and %RSI. REL significantly predicted %RSI (p = .006), and ABS, PreMRFD, and PreRSI significantly predicted %MRFD (p < .001). Using a cutoff value of 10% change from baseline, REL and ABS were both higher (p = .004, p = .003) in potentiated subjects with respect to %MRFD, and REL was higher (p = .005) in potentiated subjects with respect to %RSI. PAP occurs more in subjects with high REL and ABS, while subject with low REL and ABS exhibit fatigue.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

729760468

Digital Format

application/pdf

Geographic Coverage

United States

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

Included in

Kinesiology Commons

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