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Date Permissions Signed

11-6-2008

Date of Award

2008

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Lehman, Barbara J., 1943-

Second Advisor

Lemm, Kristi M., 1971-

Third Advisor

Graham, James M., 1974-

Abstract

Stress has many physical effects on the body, including producing elevations in heart rate and blood pressure. This study investigated associations between daily academic stressors and cardiovascular activity. Because individual differences may influence physical reactions to academic stressors, differences in threat/challenge appraisal, test anxiety, and behavioral inhibition were considered as potential moderators of the relationship between academic stressors and cardiovascular activity. Forty-five undergraduate student participants (10 men, 35 women, M age = 20.58) wore an ambulatory blood pressure monitor for four consecutive days, and completed a series of individual difference assessments. Acute and anticipatory academic stressors were associated with cardiovascular reactivity for men only. Challenge appraisals (low threat) were associated with elevated cardiovascular responses during times of greater academic stress. Additionally, test anxiety and behavioral inhibition moderated the association between academic stressors and cardiovascular activity. However, these patterns were somewhat varied and inconsistent. This research suggests that men's everyday academic stressors are linked with blood pressure, and such reactivity may predict health complications later in life. Interventions in early college, or earlier in life, may be helpful in promoting good health among students.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

294915677

Digital Format

application/pdf

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

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