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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Salazar, Debra J.
Whitaker, Eric A.
For decades now, the nature of independent learners has been a source of debate and dispute. Are those people who self-identify as independent learners skeptical, critical thinkers, or are they actually closet partisans who are simply denying their partisanship. Questions of religiosity are used as proxies to measure an individual's inclination towards affect in general. The question asked is whether independent leaners show lower levels of religiosity than both strong and weak partisans.
Western Washington University
Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.
Ward, Janice K., "Religious devotion and partisan intensity: measures of religious faith as proxy measures of political affect" (2012). WWU Masters Thesis Collection. 205.