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Date Permissions Signed

6-29-2012

Date of Award

2012

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Trimble, Joseph E.

Second Advisor

Bedi, Robinder P.

Third Advisor

Jack, Dana Crowley

Fourth Advisor

Lehman, Barbara J., 1943-

Abstract

Silencing the self theory predicts that women in oppressive relationships tend to experience loss of self through self-silencing, and are therefore more prone to depression. Past studies have found that both abuse and immigration are associated with higher levels of self-silencing and depression. The current study investigated the psychometric properties of the Silencing the Self Scale (STSS) and the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDIII), as well as the validity of the STSS subscales for a specific cultural population. Fifty-five Punjabi women completed the STSS, the BDI-II, and participated in in-depth focus groups for a mixed methods approach to a culturally sensitive exploration of self-silencing and depression. Though Rasch Scale analysis, the study identified the misfit items for both the STSS and BDI-II for this population. Additionally, misfit items and unexpected performance of the scales according to the Rasch Model's expectations are explained by the rich qualitative data to give insight to cultural norms that may cause differential scale performance. The study identified the STSS to be very culturally appropriate for the examination for loss of self for these women, and positively associated STSS scores with higher BDI-II scores as past literature has shown. By adapting a cultural focus, the study also shows how specific Punjabi cultural norms and values in a Western country impact the expression and development of self-silencing and depression. Finally, by illuminating the cultural specificities within these domains, the study sheds light on the culturally specific obstacles that entrap these women in abusive relationships.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

798955418

Digital Format

application/pdf

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

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