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Date Permissions Signed

3-21-2014

Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Anthropology

First Advisor

Campbell, Sarah K.

Second Advisor

Meyers, Gene (O. Gene)

Third Advisor

Stevenson, Joan C.

Fourth Advisor

James, Paul E., 1975-

Abstract

The gray wolf, Canis lupus, inhabited all parts of the North American continent for at least 300,000 years prior to European colonization (Wilson, et al. 2000). Lopez (1978) estimated the species population to have been around several hundred thousand in just the western United States and Mexico. In the short time span of 150 years, Euro-Americans fiercely eradicated this predator to the brink of extinction for preying on domesticated livestock during American colonization. By the mid 1900's the gray wolf was absent from this land with the exception of rumored howls in the northernmost states. Then, in 1995, only sixty years after the completion of one of the most aggressive species eradications in U.S. history, the U.S. Federal government reintroduced Canis lupus into Idaho, Montana and Wyoming, despite extreme protests from these Rocky Mountain States. My research seeks information pertaining to the human element that essential to co-existing with wolves. I hypothesize that human-human conflicts about wolves are more prevalent than actual conflicts between humans and wolves, such as attacks or property damage. This hypothesis was examined while conducting fieldwork in Central Idaho. I utilized formal, informal, and unstructured interviews, as well as participant observation, with ranchers, conservationists, and the Nez Perce. The research sample consisted of seven individuals, three ranchers, three conservationists, and one Nez Perce man. My findings indicate that human-wolf conflicts do exist, but that conflicts more often are between different groups of people regarding control over management of valued natural resources. Additionally, I found that people vary in terms of where they derive their authority on such issues, such as number of generations spent on the land versus formal education.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

875596789

Digital Format

application/pdf

Geographic Coverage

Central (Idaho)

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

Included in

Anthropology Commons

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