The vast majority of theses in this collection are open access and freely available. There are a small number of theses that have access restricted to the WWU campus. For off-campus access to a thesis labeled "Campus Only Access," please log in here with your WWU universal ID, or talk to your librarian about requesting the restricted thesis through interlibrary loan.

Date Permissions Signed

7-14-2014

Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

Landis, Wayne G.

Second Advisor

Bingham, Brian L., 1960-

Third Advisor

Rybczyk, John M.

Abstract

Many coastal regions are encountering issues with the introduction and spread of non-indigenous species (NIS). There are many vectors that can transport NIS to coastal areas and estuaries. In this study, I conducted a regional risk assessment using a Bayesian networks relative risk model (BN-RRM) to analyze multiple vectors of NIS introduction to Padilla Bay, Washington, a National Estuarine Research Reserve. Bayesian networks models are advantageous because they are parameterized with quantitative data and knowledge, uncertainty can be incorporated into these models, and the calculated risk is described as a distribution of risk for the various endpoints of interest. The objectives of the study were to 1) determine if the BN-RRM could be used to calculate risk from NIS introductions; 2) determine which regions and endpoints were at greatest risk from NIS introductions and impacts; and 3) examine a management option and calculate the reduction of risk to the endpoints if it were to be implemented. Efforts to manage NIS colonization include eradication of the species. This can occur at different stages of NIS invasions, such as the elimination of these species before being introduced to the habitat, or removal of the species after settlement. A management option was easily incorporated into the model to observe the risk to the endpoints if the treatment were to be implemented. This risk could then be compared to the initial risk estimates. The results from this risk assessment indicate the southern portion of Padilla Bay, Regions 3 and 4 had the greatest risk associated with them and the changes in community composition, Dungeness crab, and eelgrass were the endpoints with the most risk due to NIS introductions. The Currents node, which controls the exposure of NIS to the bay, was the parameter that had the greatest influence on risk to the endpoints. The ballast water management treatment displayed one percent reduction in risk in this Padilla Bay case study. These models provide an adaptable template for decision makers interested in managing NIS and aquatic environments in other coastal regions and large bodies of water.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

884598217

Digital Format

application/pdf

Geographic Coverage

Padilla Bay (Wash.)

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

Share

COinS