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Date Permissions Signed

7-1-2014

Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Trimble, Joseph E.

Second Advisor

Karlberg, Michael Robert, 1966-

Third Advisor

Manago, Adriana

Abstract

Friends are sources of social support and are often observed interacting in public settings while using their mobile phones. Four types of mobile phone use were predicted: distraction, distraction multitasking, facilitation, and facilitation multitasking. These types of mobile phone use were predicted to be influenced by communication technology use, values, and friendship quality. Furthermore, these phone use types were predicted to influence the quality of a friendship interaction. An observational paradigm was used to observe mobile phone use behaviors in friendship interactions. Participants were recruited in friendship dyads and completed communication technology, values, and friendship quality questionnaires before visiting the laboratory. Friends attended the appointment together and were shown to a waiting room area where they were left alone for five minutes, and their interaction was videotaped. Following the interaction, friends completed an interaction quality questionnaire. Analyses were conducted in HLM to account for nonindependence in the dyadic data. Neither communication technology use, values, nor friendship quality had an influence on the types of phone use. An actor-partner interaction model tested the influence of phone use on interaction quality. Each actor’s interaction quality was predicted from their own friendship quality and the four types of mobile phone use and from their partner’s friendship quality and the partner’s four types of phone use. The actor’s friendship quality increased interaction quality. The partner’s distraction decreased interaction quality and the actor’s distraction multitasking increased interaction quality. These results extend previous research on multitasking and suggest new understandings of social snacking and customized sociality.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

889089089

Digital Format

application/pdf

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

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