The vast majority of theses in this collection are open access and freely available. There are a small number of theses that have access restricted to the WWU campus. For off-campus access to a thesis labeled "Campus Only Access," please log in here with your WWU universal ID, or talk to your librarian about requesting the restricted thesis through interlibrary loan.

Date Permissions Signed

7-21-2016

Date of Award

Summer 2016

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Communication Sciences and Disorders

First Advisor

Fraas, Michael

Second Advisor

Evans, Kelli

Third Advisor

San Juan, Jun G.

Abstract

The present study aimed to determine if type of cognitive task (i.e., language vs. tone processing; single- vs. dual-task) influences cognitive-motor interference (CMI), in individuals with LCVA.

Design: Between group, cross-sectional, cohort study measured gait speed and cognitive performance (i.e., RT and accuracy) during single- and dual-task conditions.

Participants: Population-based, volunteer sample:4 adults with LCVA, 4 healthy, age-matched adults, and 4 healthy, young-adults. LCVA participants were a minimum of 6 months post-stroke. Healthy, age-matched individuals were matched to LCVA participants for age (+/- 10 years), education level, and gender. Young, healthy adults aged 18-25 years served as the control group. All participants were fluent in English, reported good hearing/vision, and no neurological impairment.

Outcome Measures: Measures of gait speed (m/s), accuracy, and RT on walking and cognitive tasks were recorded. Neuropsychological test scores were compared to performance on dual-tasks.

Conclusions: Results have implications for treating individuals with LCVA and communication disorders. Performance of LCVA under single- and dual- task conditions demonstrate the importance of not only treating individuals while they are performing a single task, but also under dual-task conditions to ensure gait safety. Gait speed, however does not appear to be impacted when completing the cognitive-linguistic tasks used in the current study, perhaps due to the lack of sensitivity in the outcome measure used in data collection for motor performance.Additional research should be conducted to confirm results due to the inconsistency in current findings when compared to previous research. Furthermore, future research should focus on collecting outcome measures for both motor and cognitive tasks using technology and cognitive tasks that have previously indicated group differences between stroke and typical comparison peers.

Type

Text

Publisher

Western Washington University

OCLC Number

956460518

Digital Format

application/pdf

Genre/Form

Academic theses

Language

English

Rights

Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.

Share

COinS