Document Type

Border Policy Brief

Publication Date

Spring 2018


Human mobility


Human trafficking across the Canada—U.S. border is receiving more attention and concern, both in the media and by public officials. There are many assumptions about the state of trafficking, yet little data exists on who is trafficked, how many people are involved, or the origin and destination of trafficking flows. This lack of information makes it challenging to create evidence-based policies. Additionally, although some federal and regional networks of collaboration are well-established, there are key differences in how trafficking in persons (TIP) is legally defined in the U.S. and Canada, which inhibits accurate data collection and the effectiveness of cross-border collaboration against TIP. This Border Policy Brief highlights some of the challenges associated with the definitions and data on TIP, as well as the value of increasing cross-border collaboration against TIP.

Subjects - Topical (LCSH)

Human trafficking--Investigation; Human trafficking--Law and legislation; Border crossing--United States; Border crossing--Canada; Border security--United States; Border security--Canada

Geographic Coverage

United States; Canada






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