Document Type

Border Policy Brief

Publication Date

Winter 2020


Border crossing documents, REAL ID Act, Canada - US border


This Border Policy Brief examines the topic of border crossing documents in the context of policy changes at different scales, including provincial, state, and U.S. federal approaches. Specifically, it examines the upcoming implementation of the REAL ID Act in the U.S., the growing elimination of Enhanced Driver’s License programs in Canada, and disruptions to the NEXUS program. It provides an overview of the effects these policy shifts may have on the types of documents used to cross the Canada – U.S. border, using Blaine, Washington as an example. The Brief explores the importance of different ID types and their capabilities, as well as a growing divergence between state and federal programs within the U.S., both of which impact the efficiency and security of the Canada – U.S. border.

Subjects - Topical (LCSH)

Identification cards--Law and legislation--Canada; Identification cards--Law and legislation--United States; Drivers licenses--Law and legislation--Canada; Drivers Licenses--Law and legislation--United States; Passports--Canada; Passports--United States; Border stations--Canada; Border stations--United States

Subjects - Names (LCNAF)

United States. Real ID Act of 2005


periodicals; technical reports




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