Border Policy Brief
border security, comparative analyses, economic relationships, governance, human mobility, COVID 19 economic impact
The restrictions on ‘non-essential’ travel at land and ferry crossings enacted by Canada and the United States in March 2020 remained largely unchanged for over a year. During the first fifteen months of the restrictions, Canada implemented some exemptions for family members and compassionate reasons and changed some entry requirements, while the US restrictions remained intact. After an unprecedented period of a heavily restricted land border, Canada began to ease restrictions for fully vaccinated US travelers in August 2021, with the US following in November. However, much like the restrictions themselves, definitions and requirements vary by country (and for the US, by mode).
Because so many travelers crossing the border are doing so in both directions, the discrepancy between Canadian and US requirements will cause confusion and delays at the border, unless travelers are well educated about what is required by both countries. Canadian entry requirements have already resulted in confusion for travelers, and this situation is likely to worsen when US land border restrictions ease and cross-border travel volumes increase. This Border Brief is intended to provide clarity and guidance on the land border requirements for travelers crossing the Canada–US border, in both directions.
Border Policy Research Institute, Western Washington University, "Emerging from the Pandemic: Understanding the Canada-US land border requirements" (2021). Border Policy Research Institute Publications. 129.
Subjects - Topical (LCSH)
Epidemics--Canada; Epidemics--United States; COVID-19 (Disease)--Canada; COVID-19 (Disease)--United States; Border crossing--Government policy--Canada; Border crossing--Government policy--United States; Ferry terminals--Government policy--Canada; Ferry terminals--Government policy--United States
Canada; United States
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