Document Type

Border Policy Brief

Publication Date



Transportation, Human Mobility


This atlas identifies the names and locations of all legal land crossing points along the Canada – U.S. border. We omit portsof-entry that are considered “land” ports by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and/or U.S. Customs and Border Protection (USCBP) but that are actually served by boat (e.g., the ferry landing at Anacortes, WA). Each depicted point is one at which a vehicle can directly travel by road (or railroad) from U.S. to Canadian soil. There are 146 in all, of which 26 are rail lines and 120 are roadways (19 bridges, 1 tunnel, and 100 roads). Two of the 120 roadways (Stewart, BC, and Four Falls, NB) lack a USCBP facility, while all others are staffed by both agencies. For record-keeping purposes, USCBP groups its 118 roadway facilities into 80 “master” ports, with data from neighboring small ports aggregated under the name of the master port.




1 - Winter

Subjects - Topical (LCSH)

United States--Boundaries--Canada; Canada--Boundaries--United States

Geographic Coverage

United States; Canada


Technical reports





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