College of Science and Engineering
Nash equilibrium, game theory, two-player games, zero-sum games
Department or Program Affiliation
Computer Science Department
In many games, it is desirable to find strategies for all players that simultaneously maximize their respective worst-case payoffs. A set of strategies satisfying this criterion is called a Nash equilibrium. Because the search space of possible strategies grows rapidly as the size of the game increases, specialized algorithms are needed to efficiently find Nash equilibria. In this paper, current equilibrium-finding methods are presented and key areas for future work are identified. The first algorithm, due to Koller, Megiddo, and von Stengel, computes standard Nash equilibria in two-player, zero-sum games. The second algorithm, due to Miltersen and Sorensen, extends the method of Koller, Megiddo, and von Stengel to find proper equilibria. Both algorithms run in polynomial time in the worst case. The hardness of the equilibrium-finding problem for general-sum games highlights the need for new approximation methods.
Subject – LCSH
Game theory, Noncooperative games (Mathematics), Equilibrium (Economics)
Western Washington University
Wimpee, Jeffrey, "Finding Nash equilibria in two-player, zero sum games" (2008). Computer Science Graduate and Undergraduate Student Scholarship. 3.
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