Title Alternative

Dalaĭn davalgaanaar. English

Volume and Number

East Asian Research Aids and Translations, Volume 6



Download Full Text (122.1 MB)

Download Front Matter (21.5 MB)

Download Chapter 1. How My Parents Used to Live (4.4 MB)

Download Chapter 2. My Early Childhood (12.2 MB)

Download Chapter 3. My First Taste of the Benefit of Reawakening Prosperity (2.3 MB)

Download Chapter 4. My Desire for an Education (2.1 MB)

Download Chapter 5. An Unsuccessful Test (3.9 MB)

Download Chapter 6. The Nation’s Capital (4.1 MB)

Download Chapter 7. At Middle School and College in the Soviet Union (6.5 MB)

Download Chapter 8. Down into the Ocean of Life (7.9 MB)

Download Chapter 9. My Journey to the Front (3.0 MB)

Download Chapter 10. In the Depths of the Ocean (4.3 MB)

Download Chapter 11. The Mongolian People’s Vote for Independence (6.9 MB)

Download Chapter 12. My Involvement in the Education of our People (2.8 MB)

Download Chapter 13. Working to Represent the People (6.8 MB)

Download Chapter 14. In Government Office (5.7 MB)

Download Chapter 15. Defending my Doctorate (1.6 MB)

Download Chapter 16. A Move into the Field of Academic Work (11.4 MB)

Download Chapter 17. As a Servant of the People and Messenger of the Government (5.1 MB)

Download Chapter 18. Through Inner Mongolia (2.1 MB)

Download Chapter 19. Epilogue (3.3 MB)

Download Chapter 20. One Summer Night (1.3 MB)

Download Back Matter (4.1 MB)

Publication Date


Managing Editor

Edward H. Kaplan


Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University


Bellingham, Washington


The translation of Shirendev’s Through the Ocean Waves is a significant event for the historical understanding of modem Mongolia. This is the first personal biography by a central figure in the communist government that dominated the entire central part of the twentieth century. Shirendev is a remarkable statesman. The peaks and troughs of his career, alluded to in his title, reveal the inner turbulence of the history of his country, which was largely hidden until recently. Since 1990 Mongolia has changed direction politically, turning towards democracy, market relations and openness in public life. The publication of Shirendev s book in Mongolian is part of this process. However, although his career is usually identified with the high socialism of the 1940s-80s, Shirendev's book reveals that he really stands for a “Mongolianness” that spans virtually the whole of this century in all of its political guises. It is clear from Shirendev’s account that even a beacon of party activism such as himself remains in many ways attached to the traditional culture in which he grew up. His account contains a mixture of admiration for the experience of the herders with a determination to improve the social conditions of their lives.



Publisher (Digital Object)

Resources made available by the Special Collections, Heritage Resources, Western Libraries, and the Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University,



OCLC Number


Geographic Coverage



Asian History | East Asian Languages and Societies


Communist Mongolia

Document Type



Copyright 1997 the Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University





Through the Ocean Waves: The Autobiography of Bazaryn Shirendev