Jinsheng Zhou

Volume and Number

Occasional Paper No. 7



Download Full Text (95.0 MB)

Download Front Matter (6.1 MB)

Download I. Preface (2.6 MB)

Download II. The Mythical Period: From the Prehistoric to the Hsia (867 KB)

Download III. The Founding Period: Yin-Shang and Western Chou (2.7 MB)

Download IV. The Age of Metamorphosis: Spring-Autumn and Warring States (4.7 MB)

Download V. The Flourishing Epoch: Ch'in-Han (5.5 MB)

Download VI. The Age of Troubles: Late Han, Wei, Chin, Southern and Northern Dynasties (3.4 MB)

Download VII. The Age of Reestablishment: Sui, T'ang, and Five Dynasties (5.4 MB)

Download VIII. The Age of Renewal: The Two Sung Dynasties (7.8 MB)

Download IX. The Age of Destitution: Liao, Chin, and Yuan (4.3 MB)

Download X. The Age of Revival: The Ming Dynasty (12.4 MB)

Download XI. The Age of Fermentation: The Ch'ing Dynasty (16.4 MB)

Download Appendices/Back Matter (23.1 MB)

Publication Date


Managing Editor

Edward H. Kaplan


Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University


Bellingham, Washington


An Economic History of China by Chou Chin-sheng: Subjective idealism, whether Chinese or European, boils down to spiritualism. Pre-Marxist materialism boils down to the reduction of man to a thing, as it fails to recognize that not only does the natural environment (sunspots, China as a continental rather than a seacoast-dominated geographic entity) act on man, but that man reacts on his environment too. The same is true of the school of social or economic materialism founded by Marx. At best, materialism provides the objective element in history; the spiritual element must remain history's motive force. In earliest times the material forces predominated in man's history, but the trend has been for the immaterial forces to grow in strength with time until now they can (as in the accomplishments of modern science) reshape the material forces themselves. Only the historical viewpoint of Sun Yat-sen's "People's Livelihood" adequately synthesizes the strong points of spiritualism and both varieties of materialism, making them inseparable facets of itself, the center of human history. It sees human progress as a spiritual process, but one inextricably linked to continuous improvement in material production.

Publisher (Digital Object)

Resources made available by the Special Collections, Heritage Resources, and Western Libraries, Western Washington University.



Geographic Coverage

China--Economic conditions--To 1644; China--Economic conditions--1644-1912


Asian History


Pre-Marxist China, Economic history in China

Document Type



Copyright 1974 the Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University





An Economic History of China

Included in

Asian History Commons


Book Location