Yihong Pan

Volume and Number

Studies on East Asia, Volume 20



Download Full Text (175.9 MB)

Download Front Matter (3.3 MB)

Download Introduction (7.0 MB)

Download Chapter 1. Background: Chinese Foreign Policy Before the Sui Period: Theory and Practice (20.1 MB)

Download Chapter 2. How Foreign Affairs Were Handled During Sui and Tang (12.3 MB)

Download Chapter 3. The Sui Dynasty: A United Empire Restored and Lost (16.1 MB)

Download Chapter 4. Tang’s Internal Evolution and its Foreign Policy (14.7 MB)

Download Chapter 5. Tang and the First Turkish Empire: From Appeasement to Conquest (14.9 MB)

Download Chapter 6. Tang and Korea: Expansion and Withdrawal (11.0 MB)

Download Chapter 7. Competition Between Tang and Tibet Before the An Lushan Rebellion (12.7 MB)

Download Chapter 8. China, the Second Turkish Empire and the Western Turks, 679-755 (10.2 MB)

Download Chapter 9. Tang and the Uighurs: An Unstable Alliance (13.8 MB)

Download Chapter 10. Tang, Tibet and Nanzhao in the Post-An Lushan Period (10.1 MB)

Download Chapter 11. Characteristics of Foreign Policy During the Sui-Tang Period (3.4 MB)

Download Chapter 12. Epilogue (4.2 MB)

Download Back Matter (22.2 MB)

Publication Date


Managing Editor

Edward H. Kaplan


Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University


Bellingham, Washington


Son of Heaven and Heavenly Qaghan: Sui-Tang China and its Neighbors by Pan Yihong: The conquest of the last of the Southern Dynasties by Sui in 589 brought to an end the Period of Disunion which had started with the collapse of Han in 220 C.E. The Sui dynasty was short-lived but laid the foundation for the Tang (618-907), an age of outstanding political and cultural achievement to which later generations looked back with nostalgia.

The Sui-Tang period of over three centuries stands as a high point in the development of Chinese civilization. It not only restored the unity of the Chinese empire, it enlarged this concept which had been born in early Zhou, idealized by the Confucian thinkers of the Warring States and given definite form in Qin and Han. At the end of Tang the pattern of unity was again challenged, but the ideal persisted and has remained very much alive to the present day.


Publisher (Digital Object)

Resources made available by the Center for East Asian Studies and Western Libraries, Western Washington University.



OCLC Number


Geographic Coverage

China--Foreign relations--Asia, Central; Asia, Central--Foreign relations; China--Foreign relations--To 1644; China--History--Sui dynasty, 581-618; China--History--Tang dynasty, 618-907


Asian History


Sui dynasty, Tang dynasty, Sui-Tang period

Document Type



Copyright 1997 the Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University





Son of Heaven and Heavenly Qaghan: Sui-Tang China and its Neighbors

Included in

Asian History Commons