Knowledge of the West African griot epic has advanced enormously in the last fifteen years with the publication of volumes by Thomas Hale, Scribe, Griot, Novelist: Narrative Interpreters of the Songhay Empire1 and Griots and Griottes: Masters of Words and Music,2 Stephen Belcher, Epic Traditions of Africa',3 and Barbara G. Hoffman, Griots At War: Conflict, Conciliation, and Caste in Mande.4 Despite the richness of these studies, the concept of nyama, the Mande word for occult "power" or "means," has remained a secondary concern of African cultural criticism.
Comparative Literature Studies
Wise, Christopher, "Nyama and Heka: African Concepts of the Word" (2006). English Faculty and Staff Publications. 1.
Subjects - Topical (LCSH)
Storytelling--Africa, West--Technique; Spirituality; Language and culture