Environmental Studies Faculty and Staff Publications
What Is the Relationship between Outdoor Time and Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Physical Fitness in Children? A Systematic Review
Outdoor time, Physical activity, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Musculoskeletal fitness, Motor skill development
The objective of this systematic review was to examine the relationship between outdoor time and: (1) physical activity, (2) cardiorespiratory fitness, (3) musculoskeletal fitness, (4) sedentary behaviour; or (5) motor skill development in children aged 3–12 years. We identified 28 relevant studies that were assessed for quality using the GRADE framework. The systematic review revealed overall positive effects of outdoor time on physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and cardiorespiratory fitness, although causality could not be assumed due to a lack of RCTs. Motor skill development was unrelated to outdoor time; however, this relationship was only examined in a single study of preschool children. No studies were found that examined associations between outdoor time and musculoskeletal fitness.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Gray, Casey; Gibbons, Rebecca; Larouche, Richard; Hansen Sandseter, Ellen Beate; Bienenstock, Adam; Brussoni, Mariana; Chabot, Guylaine; Herrington, Susan; Janssen, Ian; Pickett, William; Power, Marlene; Stanger, Nicholas; Sampson, Margaret; and Tremblay, Mark S., "What Is the Relationship between Outdoor Time and Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Physical Fitness in Children? A Systematic Review" (2015). Environmental Studies Faculty and Staff Publications. 20.
Subjects - Topical (LCSH)
Physical fitness for children; Outdoor recreation for children; Exercise for children; Sedentary behavior in children; Motor ability in children; Children--Health and hygiene
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).