Mars, Planetary Science, Space Exploration, Remote Sensing, Spectroscopy, Image Analysis, Geology, Mineralogy
The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover has explored fluvio-deltaic, lacustrine, and aeolian strata as it climbed over 400 m in elevation over the first 2302 sols of its traverse. Curiosity’s Mast Camera (Mastcam) instrument is a pair of multispectral imagers covering visible to near-infrared (VNIR) wavelengths (445 nm - 1013 nm). Mastcam spectra can broadly distinguish between iron phases and oxidation states, and in combination with chemical data from other instruments, Mastcam spectra can help constrain mineralogy, depositional origin, and diagenesis. This dataset includes representative Mastcam spectra from >600 multispectral observations acquired across Curiosity’s traverse through Vera Rubin ridge (sols 0-2302). Each spectrum includes image metadata from the originating Mastcam observation, as well as geological metadata about the stratigraphy and feature type. The dataset also includes context images showing the location in each Mastcam image from which the spectra were extracted.
Metadata is available via the download link.
CSV datafile and a zip file of JPG images are available below.
Rice, Melissa S., "Mastcam multispectral database from the Curiosity rover’s traverse in Gale crater, Mars (sols 0-2302)" (2022). Geology Faculty Publications. 104.
Subjects - Topical (LCSH)
Roving vehicles (Astronautics); Multispectral imaging; Astromineralogy; Metadata
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