Document Type

Article in Response to Controversy


This paper discusses the dilemma that emerges when codified protocols taken from dominant research paradigms are applied to research in Indigenous communities. We examine the underlying beliefs and assumptions of research paradigms, both Western and Indigenous, and explore how this incompatibility can be reconciled. We seek to reframe paradigmatic structures to reflect the values and beliefs of Indigenous peoples so that the Indian/non-Indian divide is bridged with a culturally responsive research paradigm. This process raises a number of ethical issues related to voice and privilege that we believe have to be resolved in order to be inclusive of multiple perspectives. Grande (2008) points out the problem of “nations [that] get trans- or (dis)figured when articulated through Western frames of knowing” (p. 234). It is this presence of intellectual colonialism that troubles us as educators and researchers as we struggle to maintain our commitment to promoting social justice and ethical interactions within the tribal and academic communities in which we work.



Subjects - Topical (LCSH)

Indians of North America--Legal status, laws, etc.--Arizona--Havasupai Reservation; Indians of North America--Civil rights; Human body--Research--Moral and ethical aspects; Genetics--Moral and ethical aspects; Cultural property--Protection; Informed consent (Medical law)--Moral and ethical aspects--United States

Subjects - Names (LCNAF)

Havasupai Indians

Geographic Coverage

Arizona; United States







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