Enemy, Spanish culture
With "Transforming the Enemy in Spanish Culture: The Conquest through the Lens of Textual and Visual Multiplicity", author Lauren Beck offers an exhaustive study of various subjugating discourses used to define the enemy in Spanish culture. Exploring both textual and visual resources and both archival and mass-produced sources, and with a strong reliance on primary sources, Beck offers an examination both broad and deep. Her study encompasses a wide range of history, geography and people: biblical and Roman times, Muslims during the Spanish Reconquista, the Crusades, Jews, New World indigenous peoples, Turks, black Muslim slaves from Africa, German and Dutch Protestants of the Reformation and Counter Reformation, Portugal, colonial Brazil, and hunters from Virginia. It traces the evolution of Spain’s conception of her enemies through a process of islamification and orientalization—a construction of otherness—in the Old World and the New; further, it demonstrates how, after the sixteenth century, this same “process of deoccidentalization” was co-opted by northern Europeans and used against Spain in the creation of a non-Spanish version of the conquest of the New World
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Published by Johns Hopkins University Press
Hoffman, Joan M., "Review: Transforming the Enemy in Spanish Culture: The Conquest through the Lens of Textual and Visual Multiplicity by Lauren Beck" (2015). Modern & Classical Languages. 72.
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