Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2018

Keywords

Positive psychology, Wellbeing, Happiness, Measurement, Self-report measure, Systematic review

Abstract

The volume of empirical research on positive psychology topics has grown substantially over the past two decades. This review examines how constructs in positive psychology have been operationalized, measured, validated, cited, and applied to build the science. Based on an archive of 972 empirical articles linked to positive psychology, this review found that 762 articles used at least one measurement scale; 312 measures were created or adapted. Findings reveal a wide range of scales being used to measure a variety of constructs, including scales on both life-enhancing and life-depleting constructs. Key characteristics such as journals, constructs, and scale development and validation information are discussed. There are some reliability analyses and validations occurring within the field, but the creation of new measures far outpaces the validation of existing measures. Weaknesses such as multiple operationalizations may be rooted in inadequate discourse and synthesis. We call for further cross-pollination for a more scientifically robust scholarship in positive psychology.

Publication Title

International Journal of Wellbeing

Volume

8

Issue

2

First Page

1

Last Page

21

DOI

10.5502/ijw.v8i2.734

Required Publisher's Statement

The International Journal of Wellbeing provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Pos Psych Measures FINAL.XLSX (675 kB)
Full list of measures used

Genre/Form

articles

Type

Text

Rights

Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this document for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author’s written permission.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Language

English

Format

application/pdf

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