Background music, ADHD, Executive function performance, Neurotypical, Classroom study
The purpose of the proposed study is to determine how children diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and neurotypical children will perform on executive function tasks while listening and not listening to music in a classroom setting. Prior research suggests that the presence of background noise improves the executive function performance of children with ADHD during specific memory tasks. In this study, fifty children diagnosed with ADHD and fifty neurotypical children from Bellingham, Washington will take the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (Pickering, 2006), either with or without classical music playing in the background. Scores will be calculated, and an inferential statistical test will be run to identify any statistical significance between the mean scores of the two populations (ADHD vs. neurotypical), the two situations (music vs. no music), and the four different conditions (A, B, C, D). It is hypothesized that low-level music will produce improvements in the executive function of children with ADHD, allowing them to outperform neurotypical children under the same conditions. However, in the absence of music, it is predicted that neurotypical children will perform better on the tests than children with ADHD. Limitations of this research include potential inconsistency or bias in the clinical diagnoses of ADHD and the removal of comorbidities from the scope of the study.
"The Effects of Background Music on the Executive Function of Children with ADHD in the Classroom Setting: A Study Proposal,"
Occam's Razor: Vol. 10
, Article 4.
Available at: https://cedar.wwu.edu/orwwu/vol10/iss1/4
Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this document for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author’s written permission.