creative, critical, thinking, inclusive, resilient, collaboration, community

Document Type



Creative thinking and critical thinking are necessary skills for equipping individuals to be the social change makers, leaders and innovators we need to make the world a better place. However, with our current education system focused on standardized testing and conformity, how can we foster these skills and be empowered to challenge assumptions and take risks? Kay ties in her own experience as well as the work from scholars in the field of education like bell hooks, David Orr and Sir Ken Robinson, to support her beliefs. Throughout this piece Kay examines where she believes that her critical thinking and creative thinking come from, childhood and social groups. As an advocate for learning through different pedagogies and lived experiences, Kay believes that environmental education must be used as a place to foster and empower students to learn critical and creative thinking. She believes that in order to create resilient and inclusive communities we must employ both ways of problem solving. Throughout her capstone Kay encourages the audience to explore their creative and critical sides by engaging in a few activities and utilizing the playdough and drawing materials at their tables to synthesize information.


Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this document for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author’s written permission.

Rights Statement


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.








To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.