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Analysis, Compaarative, Transfer Students, Native students, academic performance


Executive Summary: This study utilized the records of two samples of wwu upper¬ division students (those with 90 credits and above) to evaluate the relationships of academic performance to students' admission status (either native or transfer) and other selected student characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, and age. The first sample measured academic performance in terms of cumulative WWU GPA. The second sample looked at grades earned in 300 and 400 level courses only (upper-division GPA). This report was prepared as a follow-up to an earlier study that used a much more limited sample. Females were found to have consistently higher GPAs than males, regardless of the sample or the type of GPA (cumulative or upper-division) used in the analysis. Older students generally outperformed younger students although the relationship between age and academic performance was mediated by a student's admission status. Students of a given age but with different admission statuses or of the same admission status but of different ages in many cases did not have equivalent GPAs. In general, among younger students natives outperformed two-year transfer students. No such difference was found among older students. This study also found differences in both the cumulative GPA and the upper-division GPA earned by different ethnic groups. Caucasians had a higher average cumulative GPA than Blacks and a higher average upper-division GPA than both Blacks and Asians. In addition, American Indian students also had a higher average upper-division GPA than Black students. A student's grade point average when he or she enters Western (high school GPA for natives and GPA at the institution attended before transferring to Western for transfer students) was the best predictor of how well a student would do academically once at Western. WPCT subtest scores also aided in the prediction of both cumulative and upper-division GPAs for both native and transfer students. However, the relative importance of these subtests was different for students of different admission statuses. Prediction of native students' academic performance was most enhanced by the WPCT-Verbal subtest score whereas prediction of a transfer student's academic performance was more improved by the knowledge of his or her WPCT-Quantitative subtest score. After conducting several separate analyses of the differences and similarities of WWU's native and transfer students, it can be concluded that when comparing students of different admission statuses regardless of age there is effectively no difference in the academic performance of Western's native and two-year transfer students.




Digital object produced by Office of Survey Research, Western Washington University, and made available by University Archives, Heritage Resources, Western Libraries, Western Washington University.

Subjects - Topical (LCSH)

Indigenous peoples--Education (Higher)--Washington (State); Transfer students--Washington (State); College students--Washington (State); Academic achievement--Washington (State)

Title of Series

Technical and research reports (Western Washington University. Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing) ; 1991-07






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