Flammability of nonwoody materials, Consumable fuel, Deciduous tree leaves
The leaves from three Northwest deciduous trees were burned to compare flammability of nonwoody fuels. The following characteristics were measured in a completely randomized design ANOVA: maximum flame height, flame time, ember time, burn time, percent combusted, and mean rate of weight loss. The burning characteristics examined address important aspects of nonwoody fuel flammability in deciduous forests. My data indicated that alder, cottonwood, and maple leaves create a consumable fuel load that could support a moderate intensity, sustainable fire. The data were compared to a previous study of burning characteristics needles of Pacific Northwest conifers (Fonda et al. 1998). Deciduous leaves are as flammable as ponderosa pine needles.
Ralston, Elizabeth, "Burning Characteristics of Big Leaf Maple, Red Alder, and Black Cottonwood Leaves" (2000). WWU Honors College Senior Projects. 264.
Subjects - Topical (LCSH)
Leaves--Effect of fires on; Fire ecology; Acer macrophyllum--Effect of fires on; Red alder--Effect of fires on; Black cottonwood--Effect of fires on; Explosions--Environmental aspects--Washington (State)--Whatcom Creek Region
Whatcom Creek Region (Wash.)
student projects; term papers
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