Senior Project Advisor
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, social model of disability, medical model of disability, stereotypes
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by issues with attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The medical model of disability sees ADHD as something to be fixed within an individual. The social model, in contrast, looks at how the organization of society negatively impacts those with ADHD. The diagnostic criteria in the DSM-V does not fully reflect the lived experiences of those with ADHD which leads to adults not getting diagnosed. Undiagnosed ADHD can cause anxiety and depression which, in turn, can mask ADHD—making it harder to accurately diagnose. Additionally, symptoms are misunderstood by society which leads to harmful stereotypes. These stereotypes create barriers to care for people with ADHD by perpetuating the idea that ADHD is harmless. Going forward, the criteria in the DSM-V should be reassessed and adult-specific criteria added. A new name might be in order to facilitate the movement away from harmful stereotypes and towards a more compassionate understand of the struggles faced by those who live with ADHD.
Kistler, Rey, "Trouble Sitting Still Disorder: ADHD Through the Social Model of Disability" (2022). WWU Honors College Senior Projects. 587.
Subjects - Topical (LCSH)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder--Diagnosis; Attention-deficit-disordered adults; Stereotypes (Social psychology)
Subjects - Names (LCNAF)
Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed
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