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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Boxberger, Daniel L., 1950-
Pine, Judith M.S.
Lewis, David G. (David Gene), 1965-
In the 19th century the federal government and local Indian agents began a series of policies aimed at breaking down tribal distinctions at the Grand Ronde reservation in northwestern Oregon. The 'successes' of these assimilation policies were well documented by contemporary federal officials, missionaries and anthropologists. Today many ethnohistorians continue to write about the history of Grand Ronde as if tribes had dissolved by the end of the 19th century. Over the last 20 years most scholars who have written on 19th century identity at Grand Ronde view identity as a social phenomenon and try to incorporate indigenous perspectives, but they rely on ethnohistorical data consisting mainly of materials written by European and European American missionaries, federal officials and anthropologists, and the people who created most of this ethnohistorical data tended to systematically exclude descriptions of seemingly ambiguous tribal adaptations in favor of descriptions of compliance or noncompliance with standardized rules or theories made according to their own essentialist administrative categories. Some of the biases inherent in this data make it into today's narratives of tribal identity at Grand Ronde.
Western Washington University
Subjects – Names (LCNAF)
Confederated Bands of Indians Residing in the Willamette Valley
Willamette River Valley (Or.); Oregon; Grand Ronde Indian Reservation (Or.)
Copying of this thesis in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.
Pederson, Nora K., "Identity politics at Grand Ronde: toward an ethnohistory of the tribes of the Willamette Valley, 1855-1901" (2010). WWU Graduate School Collection. 100.