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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Department or Program Affiliation
Master of Science (MS)
Lemm, Kristi M., 1971-
Lehman, Barbara J., 1943-
Racial disparities in graduation rates and academic performance measurements have long existed in higher education (Bowen et al., 2009) and are even more pronounced in STEM fields (RiegleCrumb et al., 2019). Some researchers argue that students of color are experiencing a gap in opportunity due to racial hostility and exclusion both on campus and in the classroom, and interventions should focus on changing the negative environment students of color are exposed to at colleges and universities (Johnson-Ahorlu, 2012). Faculty members at Western Washington University (WWU) developed the Inclusion and Social Mindfulness in STEM (ISMs) workshop series in an effort to improve faculty and staff's understanding of equity and inclusion issues at WWU and adjust their behavior accordingly based on an acknowledgement of their own biases. Faculty and staff in the college of science and engineering were invited to participate in the ISMs workshop series that focused on cultural awareness of self, experiences of others, critical conversations in the workplace, and a call to action in the workplace. Sixty-six participants completed the pre-workshop series survey and 54 participants completed the post-workshop series survey over the three years that ISMs workshops were available. At post workshop, participants had better vocabulary around issues of equity and inclusion and higher levels of critical thinking about the way they behave and react to situations on campus. However, we found very little changes in participants' behavior and believe modifications to the ISMs workshops are necessary to improve outcomes for students of color at WWU.
Opportunity Gap, Equity, Inclusion, Higher Education, Workshop, Faculty, Intervention, Racial Disparities
Western Washington University
Subjects – Names (LCNAF)
Western Washington University
Subject – LCSH
Educational equalization--Washington (State)--Bellingham; Racial justice in education--Washington (State)--Bellingham; Teachers' workshops--Washington (State)--Bellingham; Science teachers--Training of--Washington (State)--Bellingham; Mathematics teachers--Training of--Washington (State)--Bellingham
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Christiani, Kayla, "From the Achievement Gap to the Opportunity Gap: Increasing Accountability Among Faculty and Staff in STEM through an Inclusion and Social Mindfulness Intervention" (2021). WWU Graduate School Collection. 1057.