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Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Vyvyan, James R.
O'Neil, Gregory (Gregory W.)
Raymond, Elizabeth A.
The heliannuols are a family of allelochemicals that have been isolated from the common sunflower (Helianthus annuus). The 8-membered cyclic ether moiety found in many of the heliannuols is a rare motif in nature and provides a challenging synthetic target. It has been found that conformational constraint in the form of a Z olefin helps promote the cyclization of aryl epoxides to the 8-membered cyclic ether. Hiyama couplings of aryl iodides and cyclic vinyl siloxanes produce Z-styrenes in good to excellent yields. Due to the expense of the catalyst used for the synthesis of the siloxanes, an alternate pathway to the Z olefins utilizing vinyl cyclic boronic half acids was also pursued, but was ultimately unsuccessful. Due to the success of Hiyama couplings, the synthesis of glandulone B was pursued. The dimethoxyhydroquinone derivative of glandulone B was synthesized from an aryl iodide and cyclic vinyl siloxane in a 23% yield over 4 steps. Oxidation of the dimethoxyhydroquinone to glandulone B was explored.
Western Washington University
Subject – LCSH
Natural products--Synthesis; Sunflowers; Allelopathic agents--Synthesis
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Engles, Courtney A., "Preparation of Z-substituted styrenes using hiyama and suzuki cross couplings: a synthesis of glandulone B" (2011). WWU Graduate School Collection. 110.