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Date of Award

Spring 2023

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Department or Program Affiliation

Sport and Exercise Psychology

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Health and Human Development

First Advisor

Keeler, Linda

Second Advisor

Arthur-Cameselle, Jessyca

Third Advisor

Chalmers, Gordon R.


The purpose of the present study was to explore the effects of a multiple script imagery intervention on athletes’ task and coping self-efficacy during injury rehabilitation. A multiple baseline design was used to assess for changes in rehabilitation self-efficacy over time. After completing a baseline phase, five adult (Mage = 29.4; SD = 9.6), competitive athletes engaged in a single guided imagery session with the lead researcher. Afterwards, participants were given four imagery audio recordings pertaining to healing, rehabilitation process, motivational, and pain management, and were instructed to listen to them 4 times per week for a range of approximately 2 to 4 weeks with autonomy in choice of which recording they used. Through visual analysis of trendline data, one participant experienced an increase in task and coping self-efficacy during the treatment phase, three participants experienced stable task and coping self-efficacy during the baseline and treatment phases, and one participant experienced a decrease in task and coping self-efficacy during the treatment phase. Athletes chose healing imagery most often during their rehabilitation phase. Qualitative reports indicated that participants felt practicing imagery helped them view their injury and rehabilitation process more positively and increased their hope and confidence for a full return to sport. High baseline task and coping efficacy could indicate the imagery helped participants retain their high levels of rehabilitation efficacy throughout their treatment as it is a factor that normally declines over the course of treatment in athletes.




athletic injuries, rehabilitation, imagery, self-efficacy


Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subject – LCSH

Sports injuries--Treatment; Imagery (Psychology)--Therapeutic use; Self-efficacy; Mind and body therapies; Visualization--Therapeutic use




masters theses




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