The vast majority of theses in this collection are open access and freely available. There are a small number of theses that have access restricted to the WWU campus. For off-campus access to a thesis labeled "Campus Only Access," please log in here with your WWU universal ID, or talk to your librarian about requesting the restricted thesis through interlibrary loan.

Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award


Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science

First Advisor

Alper, Donald K.

Second Advisor

Abedi, Amir, 1966-

Third Advisor

Kamena, Theodore H.


This paper explores the changes that Québécois nationalism has experienced between 1960 and 2000 as reflected in the discourse of the Parti Québécois (PQ). The hypothesis of this study holds that the provincial and federal political environment has affected the issues that are emphasized in nationalism discourse in Québec. The leaders of the PQ are likely to emphasize the economic or state-building potential of the province when Québec is on the brink of a sovereignty referendum or a constitutional reform initiative. Cultural references, such as language or history, are assumed to be emphasized when the PQ is not in power, following a campaign for sovereignty, or following constitutional reform. The methodology of this study will be a discourse analysis of three major leaders of the PQ; René Levesque, Jacques Parizeau, and Lucien Bouchard. Texts published by the leaders, and interviews with selected leaders comprise the data of this study. The discourse is analyzed according to a list of code words which will indicate the intended use of language. It is found that the internal and external political environment surrounding the PQ influences the goal of nationalism which each leader emphasizes in his speech.





Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subjects – Names (LCNAF)

Lévesque, René, 1922-1987--Correspondence; Parizeau, Jacques, 1930---Correspondence; Bouchard, Lucien--Correspondence

Subject – LCSH

Parti québécois--Political activity; Nationalism--Québec (Province); Québec (Province)--Politics and government--1960-

Geographic Coverage

Québec (Province)




masters theses




Copying of this document in whole or in part is allowable only for scholarly purposes. It is understood, however, that any copying or publication of this thesis for commercial purposes, or for financial gain, shall not be allowed without the author's written permission.