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Date of Award

Spring 2024

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Department or Program Affiliation


Degree Name

Master of Music (MMus)



First Advisor

Kasper, Angela

Second Advisor

Bourne, Patricia, 1957-

Third Advisor

Youngblood, Felicia


The purpose of this thesis is to identify ways in which Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT) methods align with contemporary American Kodály-inspired practices to encourage pre-service and current music educators to engage with both philosophies as a means for evolving personal reflection and rehearsal strategies, reflecting and honoring our culturally and ethnically diverse student populations, and bringing more global music traditions into the choral classroom.

Chapter One describes the tenets of a Kodály-inspired philosophy and provides details on pedagogical practices in secondary choral classrooms, discusses the history and context of the Kodály philosophy, and examines the current state of training programs and literature.

Chapter Two details the history of Culturally Responsive Teaching in American education and in music education and provides a comparative analysis of Constance McKoy and Vicki Lind’s book Culturally Responsive Teaching in Music Education: From Understanding to Application and 21st Century American Kodály-inspired pedagogies in secondary choral ensembles. This chapter discusses strategies for practical implementation of these overlaid philosophies in the secondary choral classroom.

Chapter Three provides score analysis of three secondary-level choral octavos combining Culturally Responsive Teaching and Kodály philosophies to provide practical lesson planning examples for pre-service and current secondary choral educators.

The Conclusion to this work includes reflections on process and literature and a discussion of future directions in culturally responsive choral education.




choir, choirs, choral, music, music education, education, music educators, Kodály, Culturally Responsive Teaching


Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subjects – Names (LCNAF)

Kodály, Zoltán, 1882-1967

Subject – LCSH

Culturally relevant pedagogy--United States; Choirs (Music)--Instruction and study--United States; Choral singing--Instruction and study--United States; Choral singing--Study and teaching (Secondary)--United States; School music--Instruction and study--United States; Music--Instruction and study--United States; Music teachers--Training of--United States

Geographic Coverage

United States




masters theses




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