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Master of Science (MS)
McDonald-Miszczak, Leslie C.
McLean, Kate C.
Fear of falling, Selective Optimization with Compensation (Baltes & Baltes, 1990), and activity level were investigated in older women (65+) who self-identified as being worried about falling. During this study, 88 women completed questionnaires which assessed fear of falling, falls self-efficacy, mood, SOC strategy use, and well-being. In addition, participants were asked to fill out a daily assessment and wear a pedometer to monitor physical activity level for two weeks. Physical activity level was measured by steps (total number of steps taken) and moderate steps (aerobic activity steps sustained for 10+ minutes). Participants who reported using more SOC Optimization strategies took more moderate steps; those who reported fear-based activity restriction took fewer steps and moderate steps. Fear of falling interventions researchers might benefit from utilizing SOC theory as older women may be able to manage fear of falling and maintain an active lifestyle by incorporating strategies of SOC Optimization.
Western Washington University
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Wise, Breanne M., "Managing fear of falling through strategies of selection, optimization & compensation" (2011). WWU Graduate School Collection. 153.