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Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award


Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Truschel, Louis William, 1943-

Second Advisor

Mariz, George

Third Advisor

Lopez, A. Ricardo, 1974-


This thesis examines the East African Standard, a settler newspaper in the Kenya Colony, as a discourse to see how it represented the Europeans and Africans who lived inside the colony. This analysis, through looking at events in 1922, 1939 and 1954, stresses the relationship that ideas have to the material contexts in which they are produced by assessing the ways that changing historical realities outside the Standard affected the discursive constructions of Africans and Europeans present inside the newspaper. Moreover, this thesis adds to the historiography of analytical categories by demonstrating the instability of concrete definitions for race, class and ethnicity in the Kenya Colony. Understandings of these concepts changed according to the particulars of a situation and, critically, they were rarely used in isolation, but rather these concepts dialectically informed each other in such a way that "statements" inside the newspaper could rarely be termed either "racial," "ethnic" or "class-based." Therefore, this thesis situates itself as a history of ideas about how the colonial government and settler society in Kenya developed ideological understandings of themselves and Africans, and as an examination of the continuity and change of these conceptions during more than three decades of the Kenya Colony's history.





Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subject – LCSH

East African standard (Nairobi, Kenya : Daily)--Social aspects--Public opinion; Nairobi (Kenya)--Newspapers--Social aspects--Public opinion; Kenya--History--1895-1963--Social aspects--Public opinion

Geographic Coverage

Nairobi (Kenya)




masters theses




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