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Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award


Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Environmental Studies

First Advisor

Stangl, Paul

Second Advisor

Buckley, Patrick H.

Third Advisor

Mookherjee, Debnath


Most short distance travel, less than three miles, is being completed by single occupancy vehicles in North America, which leads to many negative effects on the physical environment and citizens' quality of life. Therefore, understanding influences on travel behavior, more specifically non-automotive travel behavior, is crucial. Many researchers and city planners have touted specific factors for encouraging walking and biking, but the body of work to support such notions remains small and fragmented. This study was developed to test all previously identified motivating factors for walking and biking and their relative influence over one's choice. The Mount Pleasant neighborhood in Vancouver, B.C., Canada was chosen as the location for this study because all of the motivating factors were present. Data was collected through a questionnaire-based survey, which also contained demographic and behavioral clarifying questions. In the end, all previous factors were shown to have some influence over one's decision, but some relationships were stronger than others. This work provides a basic outline for future travel behavior studies, and highlights important factors that need further exploration.





Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subject – LCSH

Choice of transportation--British Columbia--Vancouver; Urban transportation--British Columbia--Vancouver--Public opinion; Walking--British Columbia--Vancouver; Cycling--British Columbia--Vancouver

Geographic Coverage

Vancouver (B.C.)




masters theses




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