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Date Permissions Signed
Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Health and Human Development
Brilla, Lorraine R., 1955-
Suprak, David N. (David Nathan)
San Juan, Jun G.
The process of aging includes changes in muscle and connective tissue architecture and function, increased stiffness, loss of strength and functionality. Nonetheless, older adults are able to maintain eccentric (ECC) strength levels in a greater proportion, when compared to maintaining isometric (ISO) strength and concentric (CON) strength. The purpose of this study was to compare CON, ECC and ISO leg extension torque between trained (T) and untrained (U) older adults. Twenty older adults (60 years and older) who had no knee pathologies were recruited. A Biodex dynamometer was used to measure leg extensor torque for ISO, CON and ECC, in T and U subjects. Torque values relative to body weight (relative torques) were determined for each subject and compared between groups. The ratio of ECC: ISO was calculated and compared across groups. The T group were significantly stronger for ISO (p = 0.009). No significant differences were found for CON (p = 0.088) and ECC (p = 0.220). In addition, the U group registered a significantly higher ratio of ECC: ISO (p = 0.029), when compared to the T group. The findings in this study demonstrate older adults are able to maintain ECC, regardless of training status.
Western Washington University
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Rosete, Fernando A., "Eccentric, concentric and isometric strength in trained and untrained older adults" (2014). WWU Graduate School Collection. 372.