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Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award

Spring 2015

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Pine, Judith M. S.

Second Advisor

Loucky, James

Third Advisor

Gynan, Shaw Nicholas, 1954-


In my thesis I argue that the post-revolutionary Literacy Campaign (1980-81) was truly a watershed-moment in the cultural and political life of the people on the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua. Its impact was felt not only on the Kriol language but also on the Costeño (people of the Coast) identity when it was shown to be necessary to translate the initial literacy materials from Spanish into English and it created a wider sense of empowerment and legitimacy among the Costeños as a group. I examine the work being done by the Linguistic Research and Revitalization Institute (IPILC) and the dilemmas faced in claiming and implementing the linguistic rights that were granted under the 1987 Law of Autonomy for the Caribbean Coast Regions. The problems I discuss in this case are not unique to Nicaragua’s Creoles, nor to Black diaspora cultures, they are merely part of larger issues which affect all minoritized groups who seek to assert the legitimacy of their languages and cultures within hegemonic discourses around cultural difference.





Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subjects – Names (LCNAF)

Universidad de las Regiones Autónomas de la Costa Caribe Nicaragüense. Instituto de Promoción e Investigación Lingüística y Rescate Cultural

Subject – LCSH

Kriol language--Social aspects--Nicaragua; Creoles--Nicaragua--Atlantic Coast; Education, Bilingual--Nicaragua; Multicultural education--Nicaragua; Language and education--Nicaragua

Geographic Coverage

Nicaragua; Atlantic Coast (Nicaragua)




masters theses




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