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Date Permissions Signed


Date of Award

Spring 2015

Document Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Lehman, Barbara J.

Second Advisor

Dinnel, Dale L.

Third Advisor

Lemm, Kristi M., 1971-


The broaden-and-build theory proposes that positive emotions build over time to promote well-being (Fredrickson, 2001). Mindfulness meditation (MM) promotes positive emotions and well-being (Garland et al., 2010). This study examined the influences of a short-term MM intervention on trait mindfulness, stress, coping flexibility, and well-being (defined as flourishing and positive emotions) at longitudinal, daily, and momentary levels. Further, this study examined whether coping flexibility mediated the link between stress and well-being, and whether MM moderated each of the previous links. Results indicate that MM increased mindfulness, coping flexibility, and well-being, and decreased stress over time. Coping flexibility mediated the link between stress and flourishing at the longitudinal level. Overall, MM did not moderate mediated links. Results support the broaden-and-build theory and indicate that MM builds positive resources over time. Future studies should continue to examine the mechanisms by which MM promotes well-being.

Key words: Mindfulness, stress, coping flexibility, well-being, flourishing, positive emotions, mindfulness meditation




Western Washington University

OCLC Number


Subject – LCSH

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy; Meditation--Therapeutic use; Stress management; Well-being




masters theses




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